Article Text

PDF

Predictive value of synovial fluid analysis in estimating the efficacy of intra-articular corticosteroid injections in patients with rheumatoid arthritis.
  1. R Luukkainen,
  2. M Hakala,
  3. E Sajanti,
  4. H Huhtala,
  5. U Yli-Kerttula,
  6. R Hämeenkorpi
  1. Department of Rheumatology, Satalinna Hospital, Finland.

    Abstract

    The predictive relevance of synovial fluid analysis and some other variables for the efficacy of intra-articular corticosteroid injections in 30 patients with rheumatoid arthritis and hydropsy in a knee joint was evaluated in a prospective study. At the onset of the study, the knee joints were aspirated and 30 mg triamcinolone hexacetonide injected intra-articularly. The circumferences and the tenderness scores of the knee joints were measured at onset, after two months, and at the end of the six months' follow up. Of the variables studied, synovial fluid C4, percentage of synovial fluid polymorphonuclear leucocytes, blood haemoglobin, and serum C3 correlated significantly with the decrease in knee joint circumference after two months, whereas only the percentage of synovial fluid polymorphonuclear leucocytes correlated significantly after six months. Between the patients with and without improvement in the tenderness scores of the knee joints, only serum IgM differed at the examination after two months; this was higher in patients whose scores showed no improvement.

    Statistics from Altmetric.com

    Request permissions

    If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.