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Relation between antinuclear antibodies and the autoimmune rheumatic diseases and disease type and activity in systemic lupus erythematosus using a variety of cultured cell lines.
  1. J Sequi,
  2. I Leigh,
  3. D A Isenberg
  1. Immunology Department, Ramon Y Cajal Hospital, Madrid, Spain.

    Abstract

    Antinuclear activity was assessed in serum samples from a series of 40 patients with differing clinical subsets (including renal and neurological disease) of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) against a transformed keratinocyte line (SvK14)* and normal human keratinocytes. Paired serum samples were studied during disease activity and inactivity, and the effects of ultraviolet radiation on the availability of nuclear antigens in the cell substrates were assessed. Serum samples from 20 healthy controls and 40 disease controls, comprising 10 patients each with rheumatoid arthritis, Sjögren's syndrome, scleroderma, and myositis, were also studied. The keratinocytes all provided sensitive substrates for the detection of antinuclear antibodies (ANAs), and in normal keratinocytes treated with ultraviolet radiation nuclear antigens were exposed on the cell surface. There was no correlation between ANAs and disease activity or patterns so, apart from assisting diagnosis, the detection of ANAs is of little relevance to predicting disease activity.

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