The effects of recombinant interferon gamma (rIFN gamma) on the in vitro growth of adherent synovial fibroblast-like cells from patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and also on the release of prostaglandin E2 and collagenase from these cells stimulated with recombinant interleukin-1 beta (rIL-1 beta) were investigated. The growth of adherent synovial cells from six of nine samples, determined by [3H]thymidine incorporation, was inhibited by rIFN gamma in a manner dependent on dose. The release of prostaglandin E2 and collagenase from adherent synovial cells stimulated with rIL-1 beta was also suppressed by rIFN gamma in all samples tested, though the basal release of these inflammatory mediators was little influenced. No apparent correlation between inhibition of proliferation by rIFN gamma and either inhibition by rIFN gamma of rIL-1 beta stimulated prostaglandin E2 release or the endogenous synthesis of prostaglandins was found.
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