Mouse calvaria were maintained in organ culture without serum additives. The effects of Cu2+ on bone resorption and on the synthesis and action of prostaglandins were studied. Non-toxic concentrations of copper sulphate (5 microM) were found to decrease active resorption, measured by 45Ca release, to 54% control values (p less than 0.001), while prostaglandin F (PGF), prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), and 6-keto-prostaglandin F1 alpha, (6-keto-PGF1 alpha), determined by radioimmunoassay, were increased above controls (p less than 0.05). These effects of Cu2+ on prostaglandin synthesis were confirmed by the isolation and quantitation of [3H]-labelled metabolites released from calvaria which had been pre-labelled with [3H]-arachidonic acid. PGE2, PGF2 alpha, 6-keto-PGF1 alpha, and thromboxane B2 (TxB2) were all higher in copper-exposed calvaria, but their relative amounts remained unchanged. There was no evidence that Cu2+ influenced the mobilisation of [3H]-arachidonic acid from prelabelled calvaria. The stimulation of bone resorption by exogenous prostaglandins was decreased in the presence of Cu2+ (p less than 0.005), while parathormone-mediated bone resorption was virtually unaffected. Cu2+ also increased the inhibition of bone resorption seen with indomethacin (p less than 0.05). In addition to the effects of the metal on prostaglandin action Cu2+ also decreased beta-glucuronidase activity in the media to 86% of the control values (p less than 0.001). The action of Cu2+ in inhibiting bone resorption in vitro appears complex but does not involve inhibition of prostaglandin synthesis. It is likely that Cu2+ has more than one inhibitory locus.
Statistics from Altmetric.com
If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.