In-vitro studies of superoxide (O-2) anion production by blood monocytes after stimulation with either serum treated zymosan (STZ), IgG treated zymosan (IgGTZ), or fluoride ion (F-) were performed on cells from normal controls (n = 22) and patients with classical or definite rheumatoid arthritis (RA) (n = 35). Twenty-two of the patients were on nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID) alone and 13 were on either sodium aurothiomalate, penicillamine, corticosteroids, or a combination. Monocytes from RA patients on 'second-line therapy' showed significantly increased rates of O-2 release in response to STZ compared with normal controls, but no increase was seen in monocytes from patients on NSAID alone. With IgGTZ as the stimulus, rates of O-2 release were increased in monocytes from patients on NSAID alone compared with normal controls (p less than 0.02), but were increased to a greater extent in monocytes from patients on second-line therapy (p less than 0.01). There were no differences in basal unstimulated O-2 production and no differences after stimulation with F-. The enhanced release of O-2 by monocytes from patients on second-line therapy could not be attributed to increased disease activity and may be an effect of therapy.
Statistics from Altmetric.com
If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.