The relation between clinical and serological findings was studied in 75 patients with definite progressive systemic sclerosis (PSS). Antinuclear antibodies were detected by indirect immunofluorescence in 95% of the patients by means of HEp-2 cells. The centromere pattern was observed in 50% of the patients with calcinosis, Raynaud's phenomenon, oesophageal dysmotility, sclerodactyly, and telangiectasia (CREST) and only 7% of the group with diffuse disease. Precipitating antibodies to nuclear and cytoplasmic antigens were detected by immunodiffusion in 53% of the patients and identified as anti Scl-70 in 16 (21%). We confirmed that autoantibodies are very frequent in PSS but varied in specificity. A combination of immunodiffusion and indirect immunofluorescence was useful in detecting antibodies characteristic of PSS (i.e., anti-Scl-70 and anticentromere) in 51% of these patients. Anticentromere antibody has a high specificity for CREST and identifies patients with less severe disease (i.e., more prolonged course and less involvement of internal organs). Anti-Scl-70 was associated with a high frequency of lung involvement.
Statistics from Altmetric.com
If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.