A case is reported of polytenosynovitis in a 31-year-old male during the course of a severe bacteraemic illness caused by Haemophilus influenzae type b. The clinical presentation was similar to tenosynovitis caused by bacterial or viral agents. As the management of the H. influenzae tenosynovitis would differ from that due to other causes, the addition of H. influenzae type b to a differential of tenosynovitis should be considered. Recognition and prompt treatment by appropriate antibiotics may be important to avoid suppurative complications affecting the tendons. As the pathophysiology of the tenosynovitis is not clear, careful bacteriological and immunological assessment must be obtained.
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