The activities of two mitochondrial enzymes, succinate dehydrogenase and cytochrome oxidase, have been measured by quantitative cytochemistry and microdensitometry in the synoviocytes of rheumatoid and non-rheumatoid synovial lining cells. Although both tended to be higher in the former, there was no statistically significant difference in the activities of either enzyme in these tissues. However, when cytochrome oxidase activity was measured without exogenous cytochrome c, the activity in the rheumatoid synoviocytes was highly significantly elevated. It is suggested that these findings may indicate only that the cytochrome c-cytochrome oxidase complex in the rheumatoid cells is more stable, possibly because of the increased availability of phospholipids in these cells.
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