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Liver disease in rheumatoid arthritis and Sjøgren's syndrome. Prospective study using biochemical and serological markers of hepatic dysfunction.
  1. J Webb,
  2. K Whaley,
  3. R N MacSween,
  4. G Nuki,
  5. W C Dick,
  6. W W Buchanan

    Abstract

    Inter-relationships of biochemical and immunological tests of liver function have been studied in a prospective study of 216 patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), 32 patients with Sjogren's syndrome, and 27 patients with the sicca syndrome, and these results have been compared with those obtained 289 patients with osteoarthrosis or with a form of seronegative polyarthropathy. In general the prevalence of abnormalities in serum alkaline phosphatase, bromsulphthalein excretion, smooth muscle antibody, and mitochondrial antibody in the former three groups was higher than in patients with osteoarthrosis. Patients with Sjogren's syndrome with RA had a higher prevalence of abnormalities of bromsulphthalein excretion, salivary duct antibody than patients with the sicca syndrome. Patients with RA had a higher pervalence of rheumatoid factor than those with the sicca syndrome. Patients with a positive smooth muscle or mitochondrial antibody were found to have a higher prevalence of hepatomegaly and splenomegaly, of abnormal liver function tests, of other autoantibodies, and of histological abnromalitis of liver than those in whom these tests were negative.

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